Game loot boxes are random rewards given in video games that let players improve their character and increase the value of their in-game activities. They range from cards, items, skins, and character enhancements; some loot boxes contain cosmetic items, while others include game-altering items such as weapons and armor.

How Do They Work?

Players can purchase loot boxes with in-game currency and real-world currency, which typically range from $4 to $50 per box. Each box is then opened, revealing a random selection of game items and rewards. Some loot boxes also offer a chance for a bigger reward such as a rare item or rare character enhancement.

Pros and Cons of Loot Boxes


  • Provide a new way to add value to games
  • Boosts in-game economy
  • Improves player experience
  • Encourages repeat customers


  • Unpredictable rewards can lead to frustration
  • Can create an unfair advantage for those spending money
  • Some players may spend too much money on loot boxes
  • Can lead to gambling-like behaviors for minors

Are Game Loot Boxes Gambling?

Game loot boxes exist in a legal grey area between gambling and entertainment. In countries such as the United States and Australia, game loot boxes are not considered to be gambling because players do not receive a direct payout from the boxes in exchange for the purchase.

That said, the growing criticism of game loot boxes has caused some countries to ban the sale of loot boxes to minors. In addition, loot boxes are increasingly subject to regulation by gaming industry regulators.


Game loot boxes have become a popular way for developers to boost the value of their games and provide additional rewards to players. While they can be fun and offer unique rewards, they can also lead to frustration, gambling-like behaviors, and excessive spending. Ultimately, each player must decide whether the thrill of opening a loot box is worth the potential downsides.

How are loot boxes regulated?

Loot boxes are regulated depending on location and gaming platform. In some regions, loot boxes are considered gambling and are therefore illegal, while other areas have not yet taken any regulatory action. Many countries have taken steps to regulate loot boxes while the industry has self-regulated the use of the boxes through the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB). The ESRB requires developers to disclose the probability of receiving certain items from loot boxes and restricts certain development practices, like offering loot boxes as rewards for completing in-game tasks. Additionally, some gaming platforms, like Steam, have implemented their own limits on the sale of loot boxes.

What laws regulate loot boxes?

Loot box laws vary from country to country. Some countries have implemented regulations that require loot boxes to be classified as gambling and to be licensed accordingly, while others have banned them outright. The United Kingdom, for example, requires developers to classify certain loot boxes in accordance with their gambling codes of practice. Other countries, like Belgium, have completely banned certain loot boxes due to their potential to encourage โ€˜predatory behaviourโ€™. Additionally, many countries have implemented laws that restrict the sale of loot boxes to minors or restrict the amount that can be spent on the boxes. Itโ€™s important to be aware of regulations that are in place in your area to avoid breaking the law.

‘What are the consequences of using loot boxes?’

Loot boxes are virtual items that are purchased with real or virtual currency and contain random rewards, such as cosmetics, virtual currency, or items that can provide an advantage in game.

The main consequence of using loot boxes is that it encourages spending large amounts of money on a single game, often in exchange for random rewards. This is known as “pay-to-win” mechanics as it encourages players to purchase loot boxes in hope of receiving powerful items. Additionally, loot boxes can also lead to compulsive, addictive spending and increased risk of problem gambling. Studies have also suggested that children are particularly vulnerable to this type of incentivized spending.

What jurisdictions have banned loot boxes?

The Netherlands, Belgium, and Japan have officially banned loot boxes. Additionally, several other countries, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Austria, and Germany, have also taken steps to regulate or restrict the sale of certain loot boxes within their jurisdiction. Other countries, such as the United States and Canada, have yet to place any restrictions on loot boxes.

What countries have outlawed loot boxes?

So far, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg have all legally prohibited the sale of loot boxes. Some countries, such asGermany and Australia, have also implemented restrictions on loot boxes and are exploring how to regulate them further. In the United States, there have been attempts to regulate loot boxes, but so far, none have succeeded.

What countries have specifically banned the sale of loot boxes?

So far, Belgium and the Netherlands are the only countries that have specifically banned the sale of loot boxes. Several other countries and regions, including Australia, have conducted investigations into the practice and taken steps to limit it. In the United States, several states have introduced legislation that would restrict the sale of loot boxes, but none have been passed.

What are the consequences of selling loot boxes in countries where they are banned?

The consequences of selling loot boxes in countries where they are banned can be dire. Depending on the country, companies could face steep fines, significant damage to their reputation, and even potential jail time for those involved. Additionally, if a company is found to be violating regulations and laws, it could result in the suspension or revocation of business licenses or other restrictions permitting the company to operate.

What countries have banned the sale of loot boxes?

The countries that have banned the sale of loot boxes include Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, China, and South Korea. Several other countries, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, and Germany, have implemented restrictions on loot boxes, with some exploring how to regulate them further. In the United States, there have been attempts to regulate loot boxes, but none have succeeded yet.

What is a loot box?

A loot box is a virtual item found in video games that rewards players with random in-game items. These items can range from cosmetic upgrades such as skins or avatar accents to powerful gear and rare items. Loot boxes are often obtained randomly or as part of a promotional offer and can be traded or purchased with real-world currency.

What are the differences between a loot box and a blind box?

A loot box is a virtual, in-game item that gives players a chance to receive random items, rewards, or loot as a result of opening the box. Loot boxes typically cost real-world money or in-game currency, and their contents are usually determined randomly.

A blind box is similar to a loot box, in that it contains randomly selected items, but it is even more limited, because the buyer’s view of the item’s contents is usually concealed. A blind box usually costs less than a loot box, and the contents of a blind box can be revealed as soon as it is opened.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of loot boxes and blind boxes?

Advantages of Loot Boxes and Blind Boxes

1. Variety and Variety in Rewards – Loot boxes and blind boxes provide surprise elements, changes, and variety for players. Players can be rewarded with items that are in high demand and thus have a competitive edge.

2. Cost Benefit – Although loot boxes and blind boxes are not free, they provide players with more than one item to use or sell, granting them enough value that makes it worth the purchase.

3. Supplementary Content – Aside from the base content of the game, players can also enjoy a variety of items provided through loot boxes and blind boxes. If the game has a sufficient amount of content on its own, players will also enjoy playing a deeper and longer game experience.

Disadvantages of Loot Boxes and Blind Boxes

1. Costly – The cost of loot boxes and blind boxes can add up quickly, which can start to put a strain on playersโ€™ budgets if they are chasing the items they want.

2. Gambling Factors – Some players may be more tempted to purchase many boxes in an attempt to receive rare items, leading to a gaming experience thatโ€™s closer to gambling than leisure.

3. Limited Value – The value of items in loot boxes and blind boxes are typically reduce as itโ€™s randomized, so getting a rare item in a box may be more difficult and the payoff may be not as much as expected.

What are the legal implications of loot boxes and blind boxes?

Loot boxes and blind boxes have been the subject of much debate recently due to the legal implications they can carry. In some jurisdictions, these virtual items have been classified as gambling, which means they may be subjected to stringent regulations. Additionally, loot boxes and blind boxes can be seen as a form of online gambling, which can also be in violation of existing laws. Furthermore, loot boxes and blind boxes are seen as a form of micro-transactions. These small purchases can add up, and can result in large amounts of money being spent, which can be open to potential legal challenges. Finally, in countries with more strict regulations, loot boxes and blind boxes can be seen to promote gambling in minors, as these products are often marketed towards younger audiences.

What types of legislation have been proposed to regulate loot boxes and blind boxes?

-In the United States, proposed legislation on loot boxes and blind boxes has included the banning of them altogether, and requiring game companies to disclose the odds of a successful purchase, as well as disclosing any randomized rewards.

Other legislation has proposed restrictions on when and how the boxes can be opened, and the age of the purchaser.

Other proposed restrictions include limiting the number of boxes that can be purchased by a single user, restricting in-game purchases to real-world money, and introducing penalty fees or fines for game companies that fail to meet the proposed regulations.

Outside of the United States, some countries have gone so far as to classify loot boxes and blind boxes as gambling, and slapping them with taxes and additional regulations. For example, in Belgium, loot boxes and blind boxes are now considered illegal gambling.

What are the consequences of not regulating loot boxes and blind boxes?

The primary consequence of not regulating loot boxes and blind boxes is the potential for gambling-based addictions. Studies have found that loot boxes can be psychologically and financially damaging, and can lead to overspending. Players can become addicted to the thrill of gambling, similar to conventional gambling addictions. Unregulated loot boxes can also lead to more predatory microtransaction practices, as developers are able to take advantage of inexperienced players and burden them with unfair purchases. Lastly, unregulated loot boxes blur the line between real-world and virtual gambling, creating a perverse environment where people can gamble without the traditional barriers that exist in the real world. As such, vulnerable minors may be more likely to engage in loot box gambling without proper safeguards in place.

What are potential ethical issues with loot boxes and blind boxes?

1. Exploiting vulnerable populations- Loot boxes and blind boxes often feature elements of chance, and as such can be seen as targeting more vulnerable populations who may be prone to addictive behavior.

2. Preying on ignorance- Loot boxes and blind boxes are often advertised without giving buyers much information about the odds of what they are getting. This can make it difficult to make an informed purchase decision, thus preying on customer ignorance.

3. Promoting gambling behavior- Despite not being considered gambling in some jurisdictions, loot boxes and blind boxes may encourage gambling behavior in young people.

4. Pressure to buy- The opacity of loot boxes and blind boxes also places pressure on buyers to purchase them in order to gain access to certain items and exclusives.

5. Lack of content regulation- Many loot boxes and blind boxes contain age-inappropriate or unsuitable content, leading to issues such as violence, drug and alcohol use, sexual content, etc.

What are the implications of loot boxes and blind boxes on children?

The implications of loot boxes and blind boxes on children are concerning. These items carry an element of gambling, as the contents are usually unknown until purchased or opened, making them particularly attractive to kids. Their random nature can encourage kids to keep purchasing boxes in the hopes of getting a desired item. Additionally, since loot boxes are often purchased with real money, they could lead to financial hardship as well. Additionally, the progression systems in some games that are reliant on loot boxes may encourage unhealthy gaming behaviors, such as excessive gaming or even addiction. Finally, the items available in loot boxes may contain inappropriate content, such as excessive violence or sexual themes, which may be harmful to younger minds.

What age is it appropriate for children to start playing games with loot boxes and blind boxes?

It is difficult to make a general statement about when it is appropriate for children to start playing games with loot boxes and blind boxes. Factors such as the maturity level of the child and the specific game should be taken into account when determining what is appropriate. Generally speaking, games of this type may not be suitable for children under the age of 12. Additionally, parents should take the time to educate their children about age-appropriate gaming and the potential risks of loot boxes and blind boxes. They should also ensure their children understand the implications of spending money on virtual items and the importance of healthy gaming behaviors.

At what age is it appropriate to introduce children to loot boxes and blind boxes?

It is not recommended to introduce children to loot boxes or blind boxes of any kind due to the unpredictable nature of the contents and the potential for addiction. The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) advises that online purchases that involve random in-game rewards, such as loot boxes and blind boxes, should not be marketed to children under the age of 18. As such, these items should not be introduced to children before the age of 18. However, there may be age-appropriate alternatives to loot boxes and blind boxes that may be suitable for younger children that parents can explore.

At what potential risks are there when children are exposed to loot boxes and blind boxes?

1. Children may become overeager when opening loot boxes and blind boxes, resulting in a financial cost to keep them going which can lead to parents having difficulties managing funds.

2. Children may have difficulty in exercising self-regulation while playing games that involve loot boxes and blind boxes, leading to excessive spending and gaming habits.

3. The content of loot boxes and blind boxes can be difficult to assess in terms of age-appropriateness and whether it is appropriate for the child. This can lead to the child being exposed to unsuitable content.

4. The rewards inside loot boxes and blind boxes are often randomly generated, meaning that the chances of potentially getting something of value are low, leading to increased frustration and dissatisfaction with the game. Additionally, there is a potential for the child to become addicted to the gambling-like nature of these boxes.

5. The exchange of virtual items in loot boxes and blind boxes can lead to an increase in internet fraud, creating a potential risk of online predators targeting the child.

+ posts

Joseph is a seasoned punter hailing from Sydney, brings over a decade of sports analysis experience to the Aussie betting community. With a keen eye for statistics and a passion for horse racing, Joseph's insights have led many to victory. When he's not crunching numbers, he's exploring Australia's coastal wonders.

+ posts

Will's the top bloke at the editor's desk over at iBeBet. Been in the Aussie betting game for yonks, right out of Melbourne. His tips and yarns about the odds have made him a legend among the punters. Always keen as mustard to give the best insights, he's your mate for the ins and outs of a cheeky flutter.